Biography Wifredo Lam was born in Sagua la Grande, Cuba, on December 8, 1902. A Snail Out of Its Shell One who applies paint to canvas, wood, paper, or another support to produce a picture. Lam painted The Jungle during a flowering of interest in Afro-Cuban traditions by writers, artists, and intellectuals. In The Jungle, Lam blends Afro-Cuban and African artistic and cultural traditions with the European modernist movements of Cubism and Surrealism. The artist’s own family included people of African descent. These ranged from abstract “automatic” drawings to hyper-realistic painted scenes inspired by dreams and nightmares to uncanny combinations of materials and objects. Wilfredo Lam was inspired by the most renowned artists of the 20th century including Pablo Picasso, Lam melded his in We use our own and third-party cookies to personalize your experience and the promotions you see. If you notice an error, please contact us at [email protected]. Signed and dated 1945 lower right, oil on ...[+] canvas 43 5/8 x 49 1/2 in. If you would like to reproduce text from a MoMA publication or moma.org, please email [email protected]. Born in the small town of Sagua la Grande at the turn of the century, his father was a Chinese immigrant and his mother a descendent of both Spanish conquistadors and African slaves. In Spain, Lam experienced European artistic practices firsthand, working and studying with radical, nonconformist painters and absorbing early influences from the compositions of Paul Cézanne and Paul Gauguin during regular visits to museums. The figures' elongated limbs lack definition, while much emphasis is placed on their larg… Lam, who had spent three years working with the Surrealists in Paris, aimed for The Jungle to convey the haunting consequences of slavery and colonialism for his native island of Cuba. If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA’s collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations). Yet there’s a big difference between Lam’s dream jungle and … The dense composition creates a claustrophobic feeling while the forms remain difficult to differentiate. A distinctive or characteristic manner of expression. Gary Nader, Miami. Wifredo Lam was born on December 8, 1902, in Cuba. While there, he befriended Pablo Picasso and also established himself as an integral member of the Surrealist movement. The elder artist became his friend and supporter, introducing him into his circle of Cubists and other avant-garde artists. His father was Chinese and his mother was a Cuban woman of mixed Spanish and African heritage. The multiperspectival rendering of these figures recalls Cubism, while the fantastical moonlit jungle scene around the monstrous beings—which are half-human, half-animal—evokes the realm of the Surrealists. French for “advanced guard,” this term is used in English to describe a group that is innovative, experimental, and inventive in its technique or ideology, particularly in the realms of culture, politics, and the arts. In Cubist fashion, their bodies are fragmented into individual parts that do not seem to fit together logically. He was the eighth child born to Lam-Yam―born in Canton around 1820, an immigrant to the Americas in 1860―and to Ana Serafina Catilla―born in 1862 in Cuba of mixed African and Spanish ancestry. Moved by the hardships of his country’s black population and fascinated by their worship rituals, he aimed to express their culture through his art. If you have additional information or spotted an error, please send feedback to [email protected]. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Our site uses technology that is not supported by your browser, so it may not work correctly. Sketches can be both finished works of art or studies for another composition. Motion picture film stills or motion picture footage from films in MoMA’s Film Collection cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. Through a masterful exercise in the language of European modernist painting, Lam asserted the African roots of Cuban identity and addressed the troubling reality of Cuba’s colonial legacy—a reflection of his own confrontational dialogue with the European interest in so-called primitive art. At least the name was familiar. Surrealists aimed to release the unconscious mind—suppressed, they believed, by the rational—in order to achieve another reality. Lam was born to a Chinese immigrant father and a mother of African and Spanish descent. Lam painted The Jungle, his masterpiece, two years after returning to his native Cuba from Europe, where he had been a member of the Surrealist movement. Traditional subjects—nudes, landscapes, and still lifes—were reinvented as increasingly fragmented compositions. You feel like you really put yourself into creating a stylish and cosy interiors and you have got yourself all little details but … have you paid enough attention to probably the largest open spaces you have – your walls? The perceived hue of an object, produced by the manner in which it reflects or emits light into the eye. “I wanted with all my heart to paint the drama of my country, but by thoroughly expressing the black spirit, the beauty of the plastic art of the blacks,” he once said. This metamorphosis among t… By visiting our website or transacting with us, you agree to this. Drawing on the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud, the Surrealists sought to overthrow what they perceived as the oppressive rationalism of modern society by accessing the sur réalisme (superior reality) of the subconscious. Interview de Wifredo Lam dans Wifredo Lam. This record is a work in progress. A Modern and Contemporary art study set for test-takers, teachers, and lifelong learners alike. We have identified these works in the following photos from our exhibition history. Wifredo Lam, The Jungle, gouache on paper, 1943, Museum of Modern Art. More information is also available about the film collection and the Circulating Film and Video Library. Wifredo Lam, quoted in Wifredo Lam website, http://www.wifredolam.net/en/biography. Also, a substance, such as a dye, pigment, or paint, that imparts a hue. 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