High blood pressure in cats is now recognized as a condition that if left untreated can cause serious illness and death. It becomes a vicious cycle in which the high … Many cats with chronic renal failure or hyperthyroidism also have hypertension. Hip Dislocation in Dogs and Cats. This measures the pulse of blood when the heart contracts most strongly (as opposed to ‘diastolic’ when the heart is totally relaxed). In addition to hemorrhage, high blood pressure also increases the risk of embolism: tiny blood clots that form when blood flow is abnormal. These abnormalities can include dilated pupils that do not constrict with light, blood within the chamber of the eye, and blindness. Although cats can live with high blood pressure for an extended period of time, low blood pressure is an indicator of a health crisis. If this occurs in the eye, it can point to blindness. Learn more. As hypertension is often seen as an effect of other diseases, cats with hypertension may be showing signs attributable to their underlying problem. High blood pressure in cats also manifests itself differently than it does in people, who are generally primarily at risk of a stroke or a heart attack. This is referred to as compensated heart disease. Obtaining an accurate blood pressure measurement on cats can be challenging. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, occurs when your cat’s blood pressure is continually higher than normal and can affect their heart, kidneys, eyes and nervous system. Copyright © 2021 Pawesome Cats - All Rights Reserved. Selected from data included with permission and copyrighted by First Databank, Inc. Although there are several drugs that are very effective in treating human hypertension, none of these are approved for use in cats. It is rather the result of underlying condition, the most common being chronic kidney failure or hyperthyroidism. Cats compensate for impaired vision by relying more on their remaining senses, especially smell. high blood pressure (hypertension). Regular physical activity — such as 150 minutes a week, or about 30 minutes most days of the week — can lower your blood pressure by about 5 to 8 mm Hg if you have high blood pressure. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a relatively common but manageable condition in cats. Long-term success depends on whether or not this is possible. If the blood pressure is borderline or there’s a concern about stress-induced hypertension (rather than true raised blood pressure) then the readings should be repeated in 2 – 4 weeks’ time. Sadly, this scenario is all too common and the most likely cause in cats is. Often cats will alter their activity levels to those that they can cope with, which makes it difficult to diagnose cardiomyopathy until it is quite advanced. Cats with hypertension generally have complications with their vision, causing swelling and retinal detachment, or the kidneys, making it more difficult for the kidney to effectively filter out waste. High blood pressure or hypertension usually occurs as a symptom of another underlying disease such as kidney disease or hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid), but it can be a standalone condition with no discernible cause. ©Copyright VCA Hospitals all rights reserved. Sometimes the cause is primary and not due to another condition, but this is much less common. Catching rising blood pressure early can prevent these health complications. Blood pressure must be lowered quickly in order to restore vision. The increased pumping pressure leads to high blood pressure. Less blood is pumped with each heartbeat, increasing the demand for blood flow and causing an increase in blood pressure in an attempt to meet the demand. This isn’t a “wait and see if it gets better” condition, so the more people who know that immediate treatment can potentially save a cat’s sight, the better. You thought you were the only one in the family with high blood pressure? If it befalls in the brain, it can direct to a stroke. High Blood Pressure Affects Eyes. Hydrocephalus (Water on the Brain) in Dogs and Cats. High Blood Pressure in Cats – Feline Hypertension – Pet tip 238. Diagnosis. Cats have twenty-four vibrissae or whiskers which send information to their barrel cortex (similar to the visual cortex of the brain). Ideally, a cat's systolic pressure is below 150, according to Manhattan Cat Specialists. As suddenly as flicking a light switch, the cat has gone blind. If you’ve had your blood pressure measured at the doctor, you’ll be familiar with what happens at the vets. High blood pressure can lead to kidney injuries or worsening of an underlying kidney condition. Knowledge is power with regards to hypertension. The measurement used to judge whether or not medication is needed is something called the ‘systolic’ pressure. Seek urgent veterinary attention if your older cat shows any of these signs. The breathing rate is normally between 10 – 25 breaths per minute) A small hard bump can often be felt, on the underside of the neck, like a frozen pea beneath the skin, in the location of the thyroid gland. Since cats are pretty independent, you can still have time to take care of a furry friend, and it'll help your health. They may well ask you to stay with the cat during measurements, so you can be a calming influence. The heart is stimulated to pump faster and more forcefully, and eventually, the heart enlarges to meet these increased demands for blood flow. Sadly, both have passed from kidney disease. Imagine your senior cat that is sprightly as a kitten: She’s so well for her age and still enjoys life to the full. Most of us have heard of high blood pressure in people but probably haven’t realised that the condition can affect our feline companions too. . Like people, cats can have high blood pressure, or hypertension. It's important to be consistent because if you stop exercising, your blood pressure can rise again. Mar Vista Vet has an overview of high blood pressure in cats. If left untreated it can affect your cat’s organs including their eyes, kidneys, heart and even brain. High blood pressure or hypertension usually occurs as a symptom of another underlying disease such as kidney disease or hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid), but it can be a standalone … How can I tell if my cat is blind? While the causes of primary hypertension are unknown, research suggests that it could be hereditary. Causes of Hypertension. Hypertension should be considered possible in any older cat with kidney disease or hyperthyroidism. Less commonly used drugs include beta blocker type drugs such as atenolol and propranolol or a diuretic called spironolactone. Kidney failure and hyperthyroidism have been identified as the two most common predisposing factors for development of feline hypertension. It also causes other serious problems such as a stroke, hind leg paralysis, seizures, and damage to the heart. But there are steps you can take to screen your cat for hypertension. From the WebMD Archives. It can also occur as a primary problem in itself. Causes of Hypertension. The most likely causes of high blood pressure, or hypertension, in cats are kidney disease and an overactive thyroid gland. However, unlike people, there is usually an underlying disease process that is causing the high blood pressure. For example: Of course, cats being cats, they often get stressed at the vets. In cats with existing kidney disease, the hypertension is likely to make the disease significantly worse over time. This condition is called thyrotoxic cardiomyopathy. Once the problem is identified there are several different drugs that can bring things back to normal. Amlodipine is an effective drug used in cats with high blood pressure and is considered safe in most cases. Blood pressure can spike, meaning a sudden sharp increase in pressure. Like humans, cats can also suffer from high blood pressure (known as Hypertension), a condition more frequently seen in older cats. . This condition is called thyrotoxic cardiomyopathy. In many patients, no specific clinical signs of hypertension will be seen until the condition advances to the point where there i… Causes of High Blood Pressure in Cats. Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure, which is a common problem in older cats. But if your hyperthyroid cat is stable and her blood pressure remains high, then a drug such as amlodipine will be added in for extra ‘oomph’. If left untreated, hypertension can lead to stroke, kidney disease, blindness (due to retinal detachment) or heart disease. If you’re now feeling distinctly uneasy because your cat is in one of these groups (and let’s face it, a lot of cats are), what can you do to protect her? High blood pressure, or hypertension, is often a result of living a high-stress life. Now we know that high blood pressure is linked with some serious diseases in dogs and cats, and that we should monitor it. By working out if your cat is in an ‘at risk’ group, you are in a strong position to take steps to identify it and take protective action. In some cases, hypertension is suspected because of a heart murmur or liver- or kidney-related clinical signs such as increased water intake or urination, vomiting, and weight loss. Glomerulonephritis, also known as glomerular nephritis (GN), is a specific type of renal (kidney) disease characterized by inflammation of the glomeruli, which are the tiny structures in the kidneys that act as filters for the blood. In most cases however, a diagnosis of secondary hypertension is made, meaning that the cat's high blood pressure indicates another underlying primary disease. High blood pressure in felines may be primary or secondary, caused by a medical condition.Hypertension can be diagnosed and there are treatment options that will focus on decreasing the blood pressure. Abnormalities with vision are the most common clinical findings with feline hypertension. About: High blood pressure (hypertension) is A condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high which poses a serious risk to many organs of the body including the eyes, kidneys, brain, arteries, and heart. The condition can be caused by other diseases, in which case it’s called secondary hypertension, or it can be the main issue itself, which is called primary hypertension. One study found that about 60% of cats with chronic kidney disease also had hypertension. Although not all causes of feline hypertension have been identified, stress does not appear to play a role in the development of this disorder in cats. Cats, like humans, can get high blood pressure, especially as they get older. It makes small blood vessels leak and break. Hyperthyroidism usually has a moderate effect on blood pressure, which can resolve with treatment of the thyroid condition. Hyperthyroidism, another common senior cat health problem, can also cause high blood pressure. They principally act to remove waste products from the blood stream, regulate the levels of certain essential minerals such potassium and sodium, conserve water, and produce urine. High blood pressure in cats also manifests itself differently than it does in people, who are generally primarily at risk of a stroke or a heart attack. In cats, high blood pressure – known as hypertension – usually occurs as a result of another underlying disease. High blood pressure in cats can have a sudden impact even when their owners thought they were fit and healthy. If the retina(s) remain detached for more than a day or two, the prognosis is poor for a return of normal vision. The thyroid gland is located in the neck and plays a very important role in regulating the body's metabolic rate. Hookworms in Cats and Dogs . Cats can suffer from hypertension . It also causes other serious problems such as a stroke, hind leg paralysis, seizures, and damage to the heart. Hip Dysplasia in Dogs. Hyperthyroidism is a disorder characterized by the overproduction of thyroid hormone and a subsequent increase in the metabolic rate. 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