Coolant - He can be cooled to cryogenic tempratures easily and is hence used as coolant. You can also find helium in compressed air tanks, lasers, and as coolants in nuclear reactors. This works by lowering overall airflow resistance. As far as we're concerned, helium is a "happy" element. It is called a noble gas because it doesn’t chemically interact with elements. Helium in different forms and combinations are used in medical instrumentations and nuclear medicine. The United States produces about. Its atomic mass is 4.0026 grams per mole. It took scientists 30 years to extract and isolate the gas from the clevite mineral. Mobile phone, computer and tablet chips. Phones, TVs, computers, tablets—if a device contains a chip, it wouldn’t be possible without the helium used at different stages in the production process. Most people know that helium is used as a lifting gas in blimps and party balloons, but they can't name another way in which it is used. Helium is used because helium is absorbed and released by human tissue faster than other elements, such as nitrogen. Helium mixed with oxygen is used by deep sea divers. Helium’s properties also make it ideal for observation in quantum mechanics. The variants found in weather balloons may have other elements that are unhealthy to breathe. They are packed with corrosive material that could destroy a spacecraft’s casing. It is mainly used to cool superconducting magnets in MRI scanners. For laser powers ab… The gas is also used as light weight aircraft fuel. Helium-neon lasers use the element extensively. By combining helium and oxygen, doctors produce a heliox gas mixture (roughly 79% helium and 21% oxygen), useful for the effective treatment of respiratory ailments like asthma and emphysema. With such varied uses comes increased demand worldwide. Liquid helium cools down the superconducting magnet, which is the part of the MRI Scanner that generates high-resolution images of the human body. Balloons - Most widely known application Helium (He) is the lightest and stable gas. Detecting leaks, such as in the hull of a ship. When used as a shielding gas in welding, helium promotes a higher heat transfer for a more consistent weld, ultimately yielding a higher work speed. This is due to the nature of quantum mechanics. One of the more interesting uses of helium is in cryogenics. However, the largest single use for helium is in MRI machines. The same element is needed to monitor small fractures in ships and other vehicles. Either condition cannot manifest under normal pressures. So, how does supply keep up with demand? It is a valuable element because it is commonly used as a coolant and is an inert gas, which means it does not react when exposed to other chemicals or elements. Computer hard drives featuring dramatically improved storage capacities are also reliant on helium. Helium is used in balloons and airships (not hot air balloons!). One of the more prevalent uses of helium comes in the production of semiconductor chips. Access to it was restricted during the two World Wars. Helium filled hard drives are starting to replace air filled hard drives, primarily because they offer 50% higher storage capacity with 23% lower operating power. The high-speed Internet service everyone has grown to love wouldn’t be possible without helium. This field is concerned with low temperature phenomena and its production. The boiling point is -452°F (4.22 Kelvin). At Rocky Mountain Air, we produce all sizes, purities, and product use for any environment you have—be it your child’s first birthday party, your facility’s MRI machine, or your technologically advanced manufacturing process. Helium, chemical element, inert gas of Group 18 (noble gases) of the periodic table. This blog will explain some of the most common (yet important) uses of helium to help you to understand why the earth’s helium reserves need to be closely monitored. It is used in this type of … It is lighter and not flammable. In its natural state, it doesn’t have any smell, taste or color. A helium-3 refrigerator uses helium-3 to achieve temperatures of 0.2 to 0.3 kelvin. Its most vital properties are density, melting and boiling points, state of matter and atomic mass. Current nuclear power plants have nuclear fission reactors in which uranium nuclei are split part. With Helium’s bi-directional capabilities, Agulus can monitor and actuate any piece of equipment within miles of the nearest coverage- providing hotspot. To avoid this problem, a craft is filled with helium gas. Helium gas is incredibly useful and important to industries worldwide. Helium has the lowest density and lowest specific heat of all nonflammable substances. UN1046. Following are major applications: 1. Helium is also used as a coolant in semiconductor manufacturing. The rest of the world’s supply comes from Qatar. However, inhaling excessive amounts has its risks. Helium is used as a gas shield in the vicinity of arc welding and in cryogenics, preventing, for example, any reaction of hot metal welds with oxygen. The United States produces about 75% of the world’s helium, with more than 40% of the helium used annually by the US found in the Federal Helium Reserve in Amarillo, Texas. When the element is set at -269 C (the low boiling point), it becomes usable in MRI magnet cooling down. Helium is found everywhere in the Universe and is the second most common element, just behind hydrogen. 10 Uses for Helium: More Than Balloons and Blimps, Computer hard drives featuring dramatically improved storage capacities are also reliant on helium. The Periodic Table. The element is also used to keep nuclear reactors cool. The super powerful magnets used to produce MRIs (magnetic resonance imaging) have to be cooled in order to consistently and accurately do their jobs of providing extremely detailed images of internal body structures. It is inert, because its outermost electron orbital is full with two electrons. It's the most widely used of the inert gases, utilized in arc welding, diving, growing silicon crystals, and as a coolant in MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scanners. Gas welding: A common use of hydrogen gas is in the gas welding process. Helium gas is used in medicine, scientific research, for blimp inflation, party balloons as well as having welding applications. Helium is used in space exploration and defense applications. Helium can be found all over the universe, although it isn’t widely distributed on Earth. It is preferred to hydrogen for two reasons. Helium is also used to detect leaks, such as in car air-conditioning systems, and because it diffuses quickly it is used to inflate car airbags after impact. In almost all cases, oxygen and helium are used together. In this blog post, we dive more into the usage of liquid helium in MRI machines, its price, and consumption. Gaseous Helium is used for Gas Chromatography, Leak Detection, Scuba Diving, Medical Therapy, Controlled/Modified Atmospheres Balloons (including the ones in the Macy’s Parade) and Airships. Liquefied helium is consume as a refrigerant coolant for the hyper conductivity magnetic that are imperative compounds in many of these medical tools. Whether it’s the hull of a ship, the air conditioning line of a car or high-pressure systems like vacuums, helium’s ability to diffuse through solids three times faster than air allows it to effectively identify possible leaks. -458 F (0.95 Kelvin) is the melting point. Helium is also used in heat treating processes such as gas quenching and in furnace atmospheres to produce parts with higher tolerance and improved quality. WARNING: Administration of Helium may be hazardous or contraindicated. We’ll examine several of the more interesting (and perhaps lesser known) uses to see why it’s so important for suppliers to continue to work to deliver this precious commodity. The same thing also applied to the medicinal field, in which we use the helium-oxygen mixture to help patients who have respiratory distress to breathe more easily. The density is 101.325 kilopascals (kPa) and 0.1786 grams per liter at 32°F (0.0°C). 2. 1. Hydrogen and oxygen are often used as rocket fuel. The gas is used for protection during germanium crystal and silicon production. It is usually extracted from natural gas. The gas is also used as light weight aircraft fuel. Helium is famous for its capacity to detect leaks in many different mediums. It’s also estimated that a single tank of helium gas can produce 10,000 hard drives. A well-known but minor use is as a lifting gas in balloons and airships. e.g. Most of the helium produced today is used for cryogenics. Although not used directly as rocket fuel, helium is used to clean the fuel tanks of the liquid hydrogen and oxygen that are used as fuel. Liquid Helium is used for several things, including chilling powerful magnets in Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy Cryogenic Research. Helium has many uses, from cooling MRI machines to finding leaks in ships, but there are many different grades of helium. 9. The primary use of Helium goes in altitudes research and meteorological balloons. This releases energy, but also radioactivity and spent nuclear fuel that is reprocessed into uranium, plutonium and radi… It is a critical resource in scientific research too. 1. But that is the liquid form. It is essential in treating ailments asthma, emphysema and other conditions that affect breathing. A dilution refrigerator uses a mixture of helium-3 and helium-4 to reach cryogenic temperatures as … Its structure is basic and easy to study. The danger is the gas functions as an asphyxiate. The heat transfer marketplace uses about 9% of the world’s helium production. It is used the same way in the development of titanium, zirconium, germanium and silicon. To provide a little background -- and without getting deeply into the science -- all nuclear power plants use a nuclear reaction to produce heat. Its most frequent form is gas. Think of MRI machines. Its atomic number indicates there are two electrons and two protons in a neutral helium atom. Helium has unique properties such that it is the only gas that can be used to pressurize the liquid fuels that power the rockets driving space exploration, as well as the blimps and airships that have other applications within the atmosphere. Its stability and non-reactive nature makes it the perfect tool for handling unstable materials. Helium's inert properties at arc temperatures make it an ideal gas for welding materials with high heat conductivity such as aluminum, stainless steel, copper and magnesium alloys. It shares many characteristics with other noble gases. The largest use of helium is in cryogenics. Cleaning rocket fuel tanks. The Uses of Helium.. See also the uses of Neon - Argon - Krypton and Xenon.. What are the Uses of Helium?. The important medical usage of liquefied helium is for the initiation towards magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems. Helium is needed for welding, microscopes, airbags, ship inspection, computers, TVs, smart […] Its symbol in the periodic table is He. But as the facts earlier show, the element is very usable. Helium is used instead of the nitrogen in normal air because, after a long dive, helium leaves the body faster than nitrogen, allowing faster decompression. These instruments are used for barcode reading. For this reason, heliox is also used in deep sea diving. Helium is used to cool down superconduction magnets. For use only by or under the supervision of a licensed practitioner who is experienced in the use and administration of Helium and is familiar with the indications, effects, dosages, methods, and frequency and duration of administration, and with the … The helium used as a shielding gas in CO2 laser welding protects the weld pool from oxidation (until the pool cools to temperatures where it does not react with the oxygen and nitrogen in the atmosphere), suppresses plasma formation, and protects the laser optics from damage. The gas is not prevalent on Earth. This is used to turn water into steam that then drives a turbine to produce electricity. The Little Known Uses of Helium Gas . So, how does supply keep up with demand? It is also used in Welding, and as a heat transfer medium. RX Only. Hospital MRI scans relies on liquefied helium. Common uses The helium uses in everyday life for medical applications. The element is … It is valued as a protective gas because of its inert nature. The same gas is used by caisson workers too. Helium dating is relied on to date rocks that contain uranium and titanium. The same process is used in blimps and air balloons. NASA space programs use the gas to fuel their shuttles. Because it can diffuse quickly, helium is the gas of choice for effecting the near instantaneous deployment of airbags in cars. Helium-ion microscopes allow scientists to explore in much greater detail than traditional scanning electron microscopes because of their naturally higher resolution. Numerous mathematical processes are used to assess subatomic particle behavior. This is required during their operation. Evidence shows that the human voice can be changed with a bit of helium. The combination provides them with the atmosphere necessary to survive in high pressure environments. Acute and chronic forms of respiratory ailment treatments have helium components. In its purest form, the element doesn’t pose any health risks. Other inert gases can replace helium in protecting the weld from oxidation and in protecting the optics, but the special characteristics of helium are quite important for plasma suppression at very high power densities. Solid and liquid helium can only manifest in high and low temperature settings. Helium can also be used for breathing observation. The fiber optic cables that carry Internet and cable TV services have to be manufactured in a pure helium atmosphere in order to ensure air bubbles don’t get trapped inside the cables. Not only is helium one of the most abundant elements in the universe, it’s also one of the most flexible, finding practical applications far beyond filling balloons and blimps. These two characteristics make helium the gas of choice for many specialized uses. Common Uses of Helium Evidence shows that the human voice can be changed with a bit of helium. Inside that tablet on your coffee table, smartphone in your pocket, and computer on your desk is a semiconductor chip;… Rocky Mountain Air is your local provider of helium, no matter your use. Hydrogen alone is fine, but helium makes the balloon safer to use. It is also very stable. The second lightest element, helium is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that becomes liquid at -268.9 degrees Celsius. It didn’t take long for governments to realize its usefulness in military operations. Helium doesn’t form compounds easily with other elements. Dosage Form: gas Helium, COMPRESSED USP. Inhaling helium from pressure tanks can damage the lungs. 4. Knowing that helium is inert allows the space program to trust that it won’t react or combust with any oxygen that happens to remain in the tank. Helium’s low temperatures make it the only gas which can pressurize and purge the liquid rocket engines of the space shuttle as well as many other rockets. One major use of helium is in cooling down superconducting magnets - for which we absolutely need it. The number one use of helium is as a cooling gas for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines used in medical facilities. In the 10 use cases we’ve highlighted here, it’s clear helium is as versatile as it is valuable. Heliox mixtures in respiratory treatments for asthma, bronchitis and other lung deficiencies. This combination gets to the lungs much quicker. It is used in the field because of its low boiling point and low density. Helium has a number of uses and in this article we will mention all the important ones. Although not used directly as rocket fuel, helium is used to clean the fuel … Helium has the smallest and lightest atoms and so helium gas is less dense than air, a fact which is important when we look at it. A mixture of 80% helium and 20% oxygen is used as an artificial atmosphere for deep-sea divers and others working under pressurised conditions. For the most common example, we all have seen helium balloons being used as an energy-efficient mode of flight during the early 19th century, but that is a very minor application of helium. Helium gas is used to inflate blimps, scientific balloons and party balloons. Helium is the second-lightest element. Helium's other industrial uses—as a pressurizing and purge gas, as a protective atmosphere for arc welding, and in processes such as growing crystals to make silicon wafers —account for half of the gas produced. We will look at what helium is, its use in medicine and welding and w… The boiling and freezing points of helium are lower than those of any other known substance. The element was discovered in 1868 during a solar eclipse. Welding companies also rely on it to provide protection. Uses of Helium Being non-reactive in nature, helium can be used in a variety of applications. The typical amount found ranges from 2 to 7%. It makes diving can last longer with shorter decompression times. Other important uses of helium include: a protective gas for welding, an inert gas for controlled atmosphere manufacturing, a fugitive gas used for leak detection, and a low-v… The gas is usually used to treat diseases that affect the lungs. Helium is less dense than air (it makes the balloon float) and it is safe to use since it will not burn (unlike hydrogen).. 2. Its atomic number is 2 and the weight is 4.002. Helium is one of the most common elements in the universe. Helium. Better productivity is something companies always want to embrace. Agulus uses Helium to collect data from field deployments and relay commands back to a cloud-based control center, allowing them to automate irrigation valves, pumps and sprayers. Helium is also commonly used to pressurize and purge systems of unwanted gases. Uses of Noble Gases In metallurgical processes, argon is widely used in order to provide the necessary inert atmosphere. Helium is a little more complex than most people think—it’s not just for party balloons. Although it is rare on Earth, you likely have encountered it in helium-filled balloons. We break it down. However, these tests cannot determine their actions 100% accurately. The element is usually combined with hydrogen in air balloons. Using these techniques, neutrons, electrons and protons can be studied. Its primary use is as a coolant in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines. Which is which? With its extremely low boiling point, helium gas is the first choice of hospitals to perform that crucial task. Chromatography system/Wikimedia Commons widely used as an inert gas shield for arc welding in countries where helium is cheaper than argon protective gas in growing silicon and germanium crystals, and in titanium and zirconium production cooling medium for nuclear reactors Liquid fuels are volatile. Intro. Divers use oxygen and helium during their dives. It is used as an inert shield for arc welding, to pressurize the fuel tanks of liquid fueled rockets and in supersonic windtunnels. Liquid Helium is an ideal source of cold for superconductivity and for low temperature applications. Helium is the second most abundant element in the universe and became more expensive in 2017 due to shortages. It’s all part of our commitment to deliver Flawless Dependability for our valued customers. 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