The fiber has low elasticity, so products made with hemp fabrics retain their shape. Cannabis indica tends to have a higher Δ9-THC and a lower Cannabidiol (CBD) content than C. Sativa L. Marijuana, dependent on the strain, can have THC concentrations of 18% to 38%. Retting is a process that involves the use of microbes and moisture to dissolve the tough cellular tissue of the hemp stalk. To further treat the fibers for a finer yarn, they are passed through a trough of hot water before being spun. Its seed is a food product and has medicinal value, along with the root. Although only the hemp plant yields true hemp, several other plant fibres are called “hemp.” These include Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum), Mauritius Hemp (Furcraea foetida), Sunn Hemp (Crotalaria juncea) and many more. Chemical retting uses acids and special enzymes to break down the components of the bast fibers. It is not common in North America. Hempcrete is a special material derived from hemp that acts similar to concrete. The hemp strands have microscopic alcoves, making them extremely breathable and absorbent. The short … Hurds are used in animal bedding, material inputs, papermaking, and oil absorbents. Before hemp was outlawed in the 1970s as a part of the Controlled Substances Act, this non-psychoactive cannabis strain was used for many industrial purposes throughout colonial America and through the 20th century. Hemp fiber has been used for the production of many items throughout ancient history. The plant can be ploughed down for green manure in the early flowering stage. - Hemp contains all 10 essential amino acids, making it a good plant-based protein source. Using plastic net wrap and twine would further ensure its integrity. Hemp plants are also thermophilic and heliotropic, meaning that they need a good amount of warmth and sun, without which seed production and bio-mass are compromised. Hemp is not something which is 0.3% less than THC. The Stalk Plastic Composites - A mixture of hemp fiber, flax, fiberglass and kenaf is being used to create composite parts for large vehicle manufacturers such as Mercedes, BMW and jaguar It is used in many industries including paper, biodegradable plastic, construction, health food, chemical clean-ups, and fuel. Hemp fiber can also be used to create these paper products. https://www.institut-icanna.com/en/blog/67/Hemp:-a-plant-with-many-names, https://formulaswiss.com/blogs/cbd/hemp-history-and-uses, Know what exactly is Hemp? It can be useful as an intercropping species, in cereal fields or for other cash crops. The common features of natural fibers along with inherent mechanical, thermal, and acoustic properties of hemp fibers make them beneficial for reinforcements in polymer composite materials [35,59,60]. The best fiber is known for their length, strength, durability, absorbency, anti-mildew and antimicrobial properties. The dust can be pressed into pellets and utilized for fuel. As opposed to marijuana plants, hemp plants can be grown outdoors and more densely – those cultivated for oil can be grown among 40-60 other plants per four square feet, and those cultivated for fiber can be grown with 100-120 plants per four square feet. The crop is grown for green manure, as a soil improver and as a disease break in cereal or other crop rotations. However, hemp is also from the same species of plant, Cannabis sativa, as marijuana. While its … There are three species of the hemp plant: Although only the hemp plant yields true hemp, several other plant fibres are called “hemp.” These include Indian hemp (. It also sheds a microscopic layer that avoids soiling and exposes a fresh surface. It is also used as a food and is not the same as cannabinoids used for intoxication purposes. Leather can be expensive, but hemp fiber is a lot cheaper, not as time-consuming, and does not harm animals. Along with bamboo, hemp is one of the fastest growing plants on Earth. Like THC, CBD is psychoactive, but the extremely low concentration will not induce any sort of narcotic high. The slender cane-like stalks are hollow except at the tip and base. What is Hemp? Try sprinkling hemp seeds over a salad or as a topping on granola, puddings, or other desserts. They are more practical than cotton, and their length adds to the strength. Hempseed oil is also valuable as a component of personal care products such as soaps, conditioners and lotions. Hemp is primarily used for paper manufacturing in Europe due to low lignin content. The pectin or chemical bonds holding the stem together are broken down to enable easier separation of the bast from the core of the plant. As the name suggests, hemp fiber refers to the fibers that grow on the outside of the hemp plant’s stalk. It yields about 25–30 leaves at each harvest. Sailors used the fabric to make canvas sails for ships (the word ‘canvas’ comes from ‘cannabis.’). A mixture of fiberglass, hemp fiber, kenaf, and flax has been used to make composite panels for automobiles. The ecological footprint of hemp fiber is one-third to half that of US cotton, according to a 2010. Sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) is a multipurpose tropical and subtropical legume grown in many countries, notably India, mainly for its high-quality fibre. The plants are laid in the field for 4-6 weeks, during which the bacteria on the plant’s surface will break down the outer layer. Well-crafted hemp textiles are durable, breathability and have strong thermal qualities, as well as being mildew-resistant and hypoallergenic. Watch this video to know more about hemp species. These seeds can be used for more crops and also sold as food. Hemp vs. Wood for Paper In a shorter period, hemp can produce the same amount of pulp and in a smaller area than trees. Hemp has been used for paper for at least 2,000 years, even though today hemp paper accounts for about only 0.05% of world paper production. Looking beyond the species, the common traits between the two varieties begin to dwindle. It has been used to replace wood to build breathable homes. It is also cheaper. Modern decorticating techniques use steam explosion and ultrasonic breaking, two techniques that are not as harsh. Once they reach maturity they are harvested around the same time of year as hemp-cannabis for CBD production, but in a very different manner. They are best harvested soon after they reach maturity, which is shown by full blossoms and shedding pollen of the male plants. Hemp fiber is one of the dominant classes of bast natural fibers, commonly procured from the hemp plant with the species of Cannabis. It was once used mainly to make Manila rope, but this is now of minor importance. The hurd of hemp stalks can also be used as a fiberglass substitute, or in stucco and mortar. Hemp oil contains an even higher percentage of GLA. - A fiber, a drug, or a plant. It is mostly used for pulping for a range of uses, including speciality papers. This can be achieved through a machine called a decorticator. When you hear the word hemp, you automatically think of cannabis. The most common and ancient use of hemp fiber is for paper. Prohibition of hemp has meant that cotton took over. It is harvested from Industrial Hemp, and used for various crafting recipes including String, Tough Fabric and Hempcrete. Numerous individuals still don't understand that marijuana and hemp are the same plants with the same genus and species, named either Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica. |. This is so that the male plants release pollen for the female plant to produce seeds. Industrial hemp for seed and fiber production is planted with a seed drill – placing the seeds directly into the dirt, only about 15 inches apart from seed to seed. Hemp plants are warmth-loving (thermophilic) and sun-loving (heliotropic). The flower stalk, which appears near the end of the plant’s life, some 8 to 10 years after planting, grows up to 12.2 metres (40 feet) and bears white flowers about 3.8 cm (1.5 inches) long. Hemp can be used as a cheap and efficient replacement for many of our traditional materials used in producing products that we use daily. Water retting involves soaking the dry hemp stems is bacteria-filled water tanks, ponds, or rivers. Bast fibers can be cleaned, spun and then woven or knitted into many fabrics suitable for durable and comfortable clothing and housewares. Hemp has also been used to make shoes that are comfortable and sturdy instead of leather. A special cutting machine is used to reduce the length of the fibers from 3 m to 650 mm. Hemp fiber used for ropes and other naval equipment is more robust and durable. The fabric itself is fully biodegradable and recyclable, contributing to sustainability. Hemp is also being used in nutritional supplements and medicinal and therapeutic products, including pharmaceuticals. Marijuana and hemp are different in their appearance, growing methods, chemical makeup, and potential uses. What is hemp used for if it can’t be smoked? Abacá is an exceptionally strong fibre, nowadays used for special papers like teabag tissue. Hackling is when short and medium-sized fibers are combed out of the stalk. It is mostly used for pulping for a range of uses, including speciality papers. Hemp paper also prevents cutting down of trees. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, industrial hemp includes “the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part or derivative of such plant, including seeds of such plant, whether growing or not, that is used exclusively for industrial purposes (fiber and seed) with a tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.” Organic hemp fabrics The stalks of the hemp plant consist of two layers: The outer layer is formed from rope-like bast fibers, and the inner layer consists of a woody pith. It’s one of the fastest growing plants and its parts are used for a range of products, including food, clothing, rope and natural remedies. Industrial hemp contains 1 percent THC only. For centuries, industrial hemp (plant species Cannabis sativa) has been a source of fiber and oilseed used worldwide to produce a variety of industrial and consumer products. Fig: Products of hemp fiber. Apart from its medicinal use, the hemp plant is also largely utilized to make hemp fiber. Cordage is an age old use for hemp fiber. It is also very expensive, priced several times higher than wood pulp. Hemp is an agricultural commodity that is cultivated for use in the production of a wide range of products, including foods and beverages, cosmetics and personal care products, nutritional supplements, fabrics and textiles, yarns and spun fibers, paper, construction and insulation materials, and other manufactured goods. Industrial Hemp Fiber is an item added by Immersive Engineering. Copyright © by Nugistics 2020. Hemp was also used to make rope as well as clothing. The term “marijuana” is used for the recreational and medicinal use of products derived from the flower and leaves. Hemp Fiber Textiles. Hemp, also known as industrial hemp, is a non-psychoactive strain of cannabis. Raw materials such as hurds, or shives, are short woody fibers typically found inside the stalk. Also, the products produced with hemp are sustainable. Originating in Central Asia, it is now grown in a number of countries ranging from Canada, USA, France, Italy, Germany, Philippines, and India, to name a few. It is also used in a range of composite products. The plant is relatively short, conical and densely branched. Dry spinning is also possible, but the outcome is coarser. Hemp is one of the lightest fibers available, giving clothes a lightweight and breathable feel. It is done by spreading the hemp stalks on the ground, so they are exposed to rain and dew. Hemp fiber is less expensive than wood and also great for insulation. It will only continue to increase as people make the change to sustainable, eco-friendly products with little harm to the environment. The dirt and tiny particles of the core can also be used as a high nutrient soil additive. Hemp lost much of its commercial value when the cotton gin was invented, making cotton easier to process than hemp. It is one of the best fibers to make ropes and cords due to its durability and is stronger than jute, linen, and cotton. The narcotic content is because of tetra-hydro-cannabinol content (THC) which is as much as 20% and causes the high when smoked. Hemp has been used for centuries to make rope, canvas and paper. Industrial hemp is grown for food, paper, building materials, fuel, and so much more. In double retting, a process that produces extremely high quality, excellent fiber, the stalks are removed from the water before the retting is finished, dried for a few months, and then retted again. The process is done by microorganisms on the stem, in the soil, or by special enzymes. Hemp fibers also can be blended with other fibers, such as cotton and linen, for specific textures and performance. They should be cut as close to the ground as possible. This type of retting is inexpensive but usually delivers poorer quality fiber compared to other types of retting. Hemp is a term used for a wide variety of crops used for their tough bast fibers - indian hemp, manila hemp etc. For centuries, hemp has been used for traditional medicines. Automobile companies like BMW use hemp fiber to reinforce door panels for better safety and lighter weight. Some of the first ropes ever were made from hemp fiber. Only the outer layer of the Cannabis sativa stalk is used for textile purposes; the inner, woody layer is commonly used for fuel, building materials, and animal bedding. Hemp fiber has been used for thousands of years to make fabric for clothes and textiles. The seeds are said to be included in the diet of marsh and willow tits. This kind of flowering is also known as auto-flowering. Plants cultivated for fiber are densely sown and grow up to 2-3 meters tall. CBD oil. However, as people have become aware of the environmental benefits of … Bio-mass and seed production will be reduced if plants do not receive enough sun and warmth throughout the growing season. Get in touch with us today if you have any questions about our product suite. Cannabis ruderalis will produce flowers based on age rather than the light cycle (photoperiod). Yes, they are both derived from and classified under the Cannabis sativa plant, but hemp is very different from marijuana in terms of chemical makeup, cultivation, and uses. Pollen-producing flowers form many-branched clusters on staminate, or male, plants. Construction materials. Large, round bales work best as they allow for better drying and the hemp is not as tightly packed as in squares. For centuries, hemp has been cultivated to produce fibers that are used to make textiles including paper, rope, cloth, and canvas. Hemp harvest equipment such as a disc mower or sickle mower would work even better. 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