A quick, smooth follow-through is desirable. [49] Though it is sometimes referred to as the "tennis" or "Western" grip, it bears no relation to the Western tennis grip, which was popularized on the West Coast of the United States in which the racket is rotated 90°, and played with the wrist turned so that on impact the knuckles face the target. A point is scored when the server fails to make a good service, when either player fails to make a good return, or when either player commits a specified infraction (e.g., touches the playing surface with a free hand while the ball is in play). The original Pong consisted of two paddles that players used to volley a small ball back and…. Adding spin onto the ball causes major changes in table tennis gameplay. The racket is generally perpendicular to the direction of the stroke. By the mid-1990s more than 165 national associations were members. The method has been validated and tested threefold: 1. [50] Many world class European and East Asian players currently use the shakehand grip, and it is generally accepted that shakehands is easier to learn than penholder, allowing a broader range of playing styles both offensive and defensive. The DR, TPT, and RPT were not different between 2 groups ( p > 0.05). The net will be used to divide a hard table used to play the game. Players may tailor their stance based upon their personal preferences, and alter it during the game based upon the specific circumstances.[54]. The ITTF also changed the rules on service to prevent a player from hiding the ball during service, in order to increase the average length of rallies and to reduce the server's advantage, effective in 2002. [66] Other strong teams come from East Asia and Europe, including countries such as Austria, Belarus, Germany, Hong Kong, Portugal, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Sweden, and Taiwan.[67]. The grip is considered exceptional for blocking, especially on the backhand side, and for forehand loops of backspin balls. Alterations are frequently made to regulations regarding equipment in an effort to maintain a balance between defensive and offensive spin choices. The type of ball is also different from tennis ball since it is very light. [31] Common wood types include balsa, limba, and cypress or "hinoki", which is popular in Japan. JOURNALS FREE ACCESS. [69] In 2014, Singapore Table Tennis Association's president Lee Bee Wah quit over this issue;[70] however, her successor Ellen Lee has basically continued on this path. Kenta Matsudaira is known for primarily using counter-hit for offense. If a game is unfinished after 10 minutes' play and fewer than 18 points have been scored, the expedite system is initiated. According to the ITTF regulations, at least 85% of the blade by thickness shall be of natural wood. This configuration is sometimes referred to as "traditional penhold" and is more commonly found in square-headed racket styles. A let is also called foul service, if the ball hits the server's side of the table, if the ball does not pass further than the edge and if the ball hits the table edge and hits the net. For example, when the last order of play before a pair score 5 points in the final game is A→X→B→Y, the order after change shall be A→Y→B→X if A still has the second serve. The use of speed glue beginning in the mid 1980s increased the spin and speed even further, resulting in changes to the equipment to "slow the game down". Examining Ec/Ep is also a easier way to understand the tendency of elasticity of blades. Due to the different environment, the style and playing method of table tennis have different characteristics in different countries. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics and efficiency of service in the best young table tennis players, as well as the existence of differences in service between young players of different ages. A total of 8 subjects were divided into two groups. Under the expedite system, the server must win the point before the opponent makes 13 consecutive returns or the point goes to the opponent. A notable exception is Michael Maze. The ITTF uses the term "racket",[30] though "bat" is common in Britain, and "paddle" in the U.S. and Canada. The object is to hit the ball so that it goes over the net and bounces on the opponent’s half of the table in such a way that the opponent cannot reach it or return it correctly. A lob can have nearly any kind of spin. However, the Chinese developed a technique in the 1990s in which a penholder uses both sides of the racket to hit the ball, where the player produces a backhand stroke (most often topspin) known as a reverse penhold backhand by turning the traditional side of the racket to face one's self, and striking the ball with the opposite side of the racket. The server cannot use his/her body or clothing to obstruct sight of the ball; the opponent and the umpire must have a clear view of the ball at all times. A rule to shorten the time of a match, it is mainly seen in defensive players' games. [10], Although both a "Table Tennis Association" and a "Ping Pong Association" existed by 1910,[10] a new Table Tennis Association was founded in 1921, and in 1926 renamed the English Table Tennis Association. A basic table tennis paddle is used by table tennis players. In order to attack a push, a player must usually loop (if the push is long) or flip (if the push is short) the ball back over the net. Early celluloid objects have become collector’s items and museum artifacts, valued as specimens of an artificial plastic based on naturally occurring raw materials.…, Pong, groundbreaking electronic game released in 1972 by the American game manufacturer Atari, Inc. One of the earliest video games, Pong became wildly popular and helped launch the video game industry. Blocks almost always produce the same spin as was received, many times topspin. Table Tennis - Characteristics of Intermediate Level Play Greg Letts. On the bounce, the topspin will accelerate the ball, much in the same way that a wheel which is already spinning would accelerate upon making contact with the ground. An offensive table tennis player will think of a rally as a build-up to a winning smash. The original association had broken up about 1905, though apparently the game continued to be played in parts of England outside London and by the 1920s was being played in many countries. After each game, players switch sides of the table. This requires precision, since the ball's spin, speed, and location all influence the correct angle of a block. Tennis, original name lawn tennis, game in which two opposing players (singles) or pairs of players (doubles) use tautly strung rackets to hit a ball of specified size, weight, and bounce over a net on a rectangular court. Against good players, it may be the worst option because the opponent will counter with a loop, putting the first player in a defensive position. https://www.britannica.com/sports/table-tennis, Table Tennis - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 146,165,353 stock photos online. [4] Table tennis has been an Olympic sport since 1988,[5] with several event categories. The game takes place on a hard table divided by a net. Pushing can have advantages in some circumstances, such as when the opponent makes easy mistakes. Loading... Unsubscribe from Greg Letts? Table tennis as well as being fully organized is also extremely popular as a recreational game and is so played in all types of sports clubs, social clubs, and game rooms, in the home, and even out-of-doors when conditions are reasonably calm. [24] The rules say that the ball shall bounce up 24–26 cm (9.4–10.2 in) when dropped from a height of 30.5 cm (12.0 in) onto a standard steel block thereby having a coefficient of restitution of 0.89 to 0.92. In those early days, the scoring system was the same as in lawn tennis. The object of a defensive chop is to match the topspin of the opponent's shot with backspin. [22] Fig.13 shows the relationship between Ec/Ep and Ep. This stroke differs from speed drives in other racket sports like tennis because the racket is primarily perpendicular to the direction of the stroke and most of the energy applied to the ball results in speed rather than spin, creating a shot that does not arc much, but is fast enough that it can be difficult to return. A player will typically execute a smash when the opponent has returned a ball that bounces too high or too close to the net. [citation needed], In 2019, the ITTF adopted new regulations which state that players who acquired a new nationality may not represent their new association before:[72]. This type of spin is predominantly employed during service, wherein the contact angle of the racket can be more easily varied. The racket may be any size, weight, or shape. This imparts backspin to the ball. Throughout your shopping for an indoor table, you will notice a surface thickness ranging from around 5/8 inch to 1 … [18][19] First, the older 38 mm (1.50 in) balls were officially replaced by 40 mm (1.57 in) balls in October 2000. [23]. (A common but non-sanctioned method is for the players to play the ball back and forth three times and then play out the point. Play is fast and demands quick reactions. Whatever combination is used, each of the two sides of a paddle must be different in colour. Unlike any of the techniques mentioned above, corkspin (or "drill-spin") has the axis of spin relatively parallel to the ball's trajectory, so that the Magnus effect has little or no effect on the trajectory of a cork-spun ball: upon bouncing, the ball will dart right or left (according to the direction of the spin), severely complicating the return. Although nearly every stroke or serve creates some kind of spin, understanding the individual types of spin allows players to defend against and use different spins effectively.[58]. [25], The table is 2.74 m (9.0 ft) long, 1.525 m (5.0 ft) wide, and 76 cm (2.5 ft) high with any continuous material so long as the table yields a uniform bounce of about 23 cm (9.1 in) when a standard ball is dropped onto it from a height of 30 cm (11.8 in), or about 77%. To impart a spin on the ball which is parallel to its trajectory, the racket must be swung more or less perpendicular to the trajectory of the ball, greatly limiting the forward momentum that the racket transfers to the ball. Table tennis may be played with one player at each end of the table or with two players at each end who may be both men or both women or one of each. Current rules state that, unless damaged in play, the racket cannot be exchanged for another racket at any time during a match. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The ITTF approves only wooden tables or their derivates. The racket is held closed and near to the ball, which is hit with a short movement "off the bounce" (immediately after hitting the table) so that the ball travels faster to the other side. The Seemiller grip's popularity reached its apex in 1985 when four (Danny Seemiller, Ricky Seemiller, Eric Boggan and Brian Masters) of the United States' five participants in the World Championships used it. The first world championships were held in London in 1926, and from then until 1939 the game was dominated by players from central Europe, the men’s team event being won nine times by Hungary and twice by Czechoslovakia. The serve is made from behind the end of the table, the server tossing the ball upward from the palm of the free hand and striking it as it descends so that it first bounces on the server’s own court and then, passing over the net, bounces on the opponent’s court. Men's doubles. [85] There are also national bodies and other local authorities responsible for the sport, such as USA Table Tennis (USATT), which is the national governing body for table tennis in the United States.[13]. The player swings upward while "brushing" or grazing the upper half of the ball with a closed racket face (the top of the blade tipped toward the net). A speed drive is used mostly for keeping the ball in play, applying pressure on the opponent, and potentially opening up an opportunity for a more powerful attack. Persson is one of the three table tennis players to have competed at seven Olympic Games. Topspin is the least common type of spin to be found in service at the professional level, simply because it is much easier to attack a top-spin ball that is not moving at high speed. Keywords: table tennis, London Olympic Games, number of shots played per rally, winning ratios of server and receiver, evaluation criteria, coaching. Competitive table tennis is popular in East Asia and Europe, and has been[vague] gaining attention in the United States. Penhold styles are popular among players originating from East Asian countries such as China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. An official hall of fame exists at the ITTF Museum. In addition to games between individual players, pairs may also play table tennis. The object is speed instead of spin, so the player hits through the ball, which is directed slightly downward over the net in a low arc. [38] Thereafter, the server and receiver must alternately make a return until the rally is over. Slow or defensive play at one time was so dominant that, at the 1936 world championships in Prague, an hour was needed to decide a single point. Aside from the initial direction change when bouncing, unless it goes out of reach, the opponent can counter with either topspin or backspin. Sidespin can also be employed in offensive rally strokes, often from a greater distance, as an adjunct to topspin or backspin. The small bats will be used when you play ping-pong. Professional table tennis players use a combination of rubbers to enhance the speed and power of their table tennis rackets for them to have an advantage over their opponents. The name "ping-pong" then came to describe the game played using the rather expensive Jaques's equipment, with other manufacturers calling it table tennis.
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